The First Human Traces in Istanbul
The first traces of human culture in Istanbul have been seen in Cave Yarimburgaz near Lake Kucukcekmece .These traces belong to Paleolithic, Neolithic and Kalkeolitik ages and Cave Yarimburgaz is one of the oldest provenances. There are traces of human settlement from 300.000 years ago. This cave was used as shelter and temple from period to period. It has became a domicile for people since 7.500 years ago , who started to do agriculture.
BC 1200, Thracians, Phrygians, Bithynians came to Istanbul. The earliest known settlement is Thrac settlement around Stream Lykos, which is former name of the stream. Lykos ( Lycus, Ligos or Lekop) means wolf. This stream dumped into sea from Langa around Yenikapi passing through North of Topkapi. Name of the stream in Ottoman Age is Bayrampasa. 8000 years old historical “urn” graves in swamp, belong to Neolithic Age, were found through excavation of Marmaray Rail Project at Yenikapi, started in 2004. So it has been documented that Istanbul Settlement based on 8.500 years ago.
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